Al-Maghrib She is al-Fāṭima ع



 

* Artwork by Roya Azal, “Al-Maghrib,” © 2016, All Rights Reserved.


…As for the dusk (al-maghrib), it is the time of Fāṭima, upon Her peace, inasmuch as She is the Night of Divinity (al-laylat’ul-ilāhīya) and the Night of Power (laylat’ul-qadr); and within the commentary of Furat ibn Ibrāhīm [al-Kūfī] a tradition is transmitted from [the sixth Imām] al-Ṣādiq, upon Him be peace [which says]: verily “the Night” (al-laylah) is Fāṭima the Radiant (fāṭima al-zahrāʾ) and “the Power” (al-qadr) is God Most High (allāh taʿālā), because She is, upon Her be peace, the Night of God (laylat’ullāh); for when She was born the Prophet offered a single cycle of prayer (rakʿatan wāḥida) in thanksgiving to God, and that became the prayer of dusk (ṣalāt al-maghrib) Who is Fāṭima, upon Her peace…


Qāḍī Saʿīd al-Qummī, sharḥ tawḥīd al-ṣadūq (Commentary on the Kitāb al-Tawḥīd of Ibn Babūyah al-Ṣadūq), vol. 1 (Tehran: 1415 AH/1994 CE), 600 (my trans.)


...أمّا المغرب فهو وقت فاطمة عليها السّلام، لأنّها الليلة الإلهية و الليلة القدر ققي تفسير فرات بن ابراهيم المحدّث في تفسير ليلة القدر عن الصّادق عليه السّلام : انّ ((الليلة)) هي فاطمة الزّهراء و ((القدر))  الله تعالى . فهي عليها السّلام ليلة الله؛ ولأنها لمّا وُلدتْ، زاد النّبي في المغرب ركعةً واحدة شكراً لله، فصارت صلاة المغرب التي هي فاطمة  عليها السّلام...

قاضي سعيد قمي، شرح توحيد صدوق، ج 1، ص 600.






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